Myocardial infarction patients diet principles
Myocardial infarction is a major complication of coronary heart disease, a reasonable diet, is important for the treatment of myocardial infarction. Patients with acute myocardial infarction to strict bed, nutrition should not be too much to pay attention to the following questions when eating: (a) limit the calorie intake in order to reduce burden on the heart. Especially in the early stages, should be small meals to liquid-based, and avoid cold hot meal. As her condition improved, may be appropriate to increase the semi-liquid food, and increase the heat ECCO. Allowed to eat the right amount of lean meat, fish, fruits and so on. Keep the gastrointestinal tract patency, when due to excessive force to prevent the stool worse. (2) diet should be balanced, light and nutritious, in order to improve the body, including the supply of nutrients myocardial cells, protect and maintain heart function, facilitate patient recovery. Avoid excessive and spicy food, do not drink tea, coffee. Avoid eating a lot of fat, because there may be a result of increased postprandial lipids, blood viscosity increases, leading to slow blood flow, platelet aggregation caused by thrombosis. (3) Note that the sodium, potassium balance, adequate to increase the intake of magnesium in order to prevent or reduce complications, especially the occurrence and development of arrhythmias and heart failure. Generally recommended low-salt diet, but the acute phase, if the loss of too much sodium in the urine, you do not have too much sodium restriction. Dietary sodium, potassium, magnesium intake should be adjusted according to the condition at any time. (4) in acute myocardial infarction patients with left ventricular dysfunction, the rate of gastrointestinal function often chaotic, diet should pay attention. Onset begins 1-2 days, only to hot juice, rice, honey, water, lotus root starch and other liquid diet, daily 6-7 times, each 100-150 ml. If patients improved heart function, and pain relief after, you can gradually add some lean meat, steamed chicken protein, such as lean rice diet. With the recovery of the disease, coronary heart disease after 6 weeks of dietary treatment can be used, but the diet still soft and easy to digest.